Current Oregon Statutes and Regulations Related to Gun Ownership

Guns in public schools? Background checks? Safe storage?

Background Checks: In 2015, Oregon passed a law requiring private or unlicensed firearm sellers to conduct background checks on private or unlicensed purchasers. Oregon law also requires a prospective purchaser to undergo a background check before buying a gun at a gun show. ORS 166.438, 166.434. Federal law requires a background check for purchases from federally licensed firearms dealers. 18 USC subsection 922(s), 922(t).

Child Access Prevention: Both Portland (PCC section 14A.60.050) and Multnomah County (Section 15.051) prohibit endangering a child by allowing access to a firearm. There are no comparable Oregon statues.

Safety standards: Oregon does not require that guns meet any safety standards.

Assault weapons: Oregon does not limit the sale or possession of military-style semiautomatic assault rifles like an AR 15.

Extended capacity magazines: Oregon does not limit the number of rounds in a magazine except for hunting. Oregon Fish and Wildlife cartridge limit for bird hunting is 3. The cartridge limit for large game is 5. No limit exists in Oregon for shooting at people.

License to purchase or possess a gun: Oregon does not require licensing or safety training before buying or possessing a firearm.

License to carry a concealed handgun:
County sheriffs must issue a concealed handgun license (CHL) to anyone who meets requirements in ORS 166.291, unless “the sheriff has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant has been or is reasonably likely to be a danger to self or others, or to the community at large.” ORS 166.293(2). At least one in 16 Oregon adults has a concealed handgun license. While some people have training, Oregon law does not require that an applicant even touch a gun to receive a CHL.

Concealed handgun license holders are permitted to bring loaded, hidden guns into public schools K-12 as well as the Oregon State Capitol Building.

Minimum age to purchase or possess a gun: Oregon law prohibits anyone under age 18 from possessing a gun unless possession would otherwise be lawful and (1) the gun is not a handgun and was transferred with the minor’s parent’s consent, or (2) the minor possesses the gun temporarily for a lawful purpose. ORS 166.250. Oregon law prohibits the sale or transfer of a firearm to anyone under age 18, with the same exceptions. ORS 166.470. Federal law prohibits federally licensed firearms dealers from selling a handgun to anyone under age 21. 18 USC subsection 922(b)(1).

Concealed carry reciprocity: Oregon does not allow people with concealed handgun licenses from other states to carry concealed in Oregon. Gun owners from states bordering Oregon may request a CHL from border county sheriffs.